This city located on the shore of the Black Sea was called in so many manners such like “Southern Palmyra”, “Black Sea Babylon”, “Little Paris”, “the Capital of the South”!!!Yes, you are absolutely right: the name of this city is Odessa – the amazing city in which you can find almost everything and where the unconnected thing are perfectly combined and where Ukrainian steppe meets with the Black Sea and clean and fresh air blows always and hospitable and witty people reside. Odessasightsare trulyfascinatewiththeiruniquebeauty.
By historical standards has been considered the Hero City of Odessa a quite young city, but its history is rich in many significant events that have left their marks on both architectural appearance (as it is seen from main sights of Odessa), and the character of its inhabitants and their attitude towards their homeland which is the most picturesque southern city.
The history of Odessa since its foundation is closely associated with the struggle for the emancipation of the northern coast of the Black Sea from the Ottoman conquerors. But even earlier, in the XIIIthcentury, at the time of the Golden Ordain place of a current Odessa was located the settlement of Ginestra. At the closeof XIVthand early XVthcenturiesthe said settlement of Ginestra was considered a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and was called Kachibey, Hajibey or Kotsubeyev. Since 1475Kachibey was run by the Ottoman Empire and the Turks called this settlement Hadzhibey or Ajibey.
The fortressof Yeni–Duniawasfoundedherein1764and later duringthesecondRussian–Turkishwarit was conqueredbyasquadcommanded by Josephde Ribas, a Major General of the Russia narmycommanded by A.V. Suvorov on September 14, 1789.
The war that lasted four years ended with the Yasski Peace Treaty concluded in 1791 according to which the Crimea and the land located in the interfluve of the Dniester river and the Southern Bug river were given back to Russia.
The decree to create a military harbor in place of Khadzhibeywas issued by the Impress Catherine the Second on May 22, 1794. Admiral Joseph de Ribas and Colonel François Sainte de Wollantacting as a military engineer started drawing up the plan for the city construction.
Thevery first piles blessed by Havriil, acting as a Metropolitan of Yekaterinoslav and Taurida, were built in the foundation of the city of Odessa named after the Greek village of Odessos or Odissos which was located 45 mileseastward of Hadzhibey, at the source of the left bank of the Tilihul estuary on September 2, 1794.
The development of this beautiful Ukrainian city was promoted by its outstanding mayors Admiral Joseph de Ribas, Duke de Richelieu, EarlsS.Vorontsov and Louis Alexandre de Langéron. Each of them did a lot for the benefit of Odessa and its inhabitants. During the reign of these talented peoplewere created the main sights of Odessa without which it is impossible to imagine the history of Odessa and the entire northern coast of the Black Sea.
Odessa is located geographically very convenient and this enabled to develop this small settlement into a bigEuropean commercial, industrial, scientific and cultural center.
By the 100th anniversary of itsfoundationOdessa occupied in the Russian Empire the 4th place after
St. Petersburg, Moscow and Warsaw in the level of economic development and the number of inhabitants. During the world wars I and II this Hero City survived the devastation and many residents were shot by German and Romanian invaders. Despite the historical upheavalsthe population of Odessa has tripled in the last century.
Today the city is developing as a major industrial and resort center of Ukraine. A mild climate, lots ofsandy beaches and a warm sea create all conditions for an unforgettable holiday in Odessa and attract millions of tourists to the city that bears the title of “Southern Palmira”. You should not only see Odessa but also “listen”, inhale and “taste” it. Odessa is not just arailway station or an airport, or famous through it world-known sights like Deribasivskastreet, “Potemkin Stairs”, Primorski Boulevard and Odessa Opera and Ballet Theater. Odessa will gladly share with you its incredible stories, entrenched phrases, hooligan songs, ingenious poems, very special humor, funny jokes and much, much more.
Odessa is not just a city with a rich historical heritagebut it is also a great place to relax. Everyone who has ever visited Odessakeeps a piece of it in his heartwith a hope to visit again the shore of the most blue sea in the world (i.e. the Black Sea) one day.